HOW TO KEEP A BOUQUET FRESH
- A gift of flowers is one of the best to give, and to receive. Whether a vibrant bouquet of tropical flowers from a friend or a romantic arrangement of roses from a spouse, floral arrangements have the ability to brighten our rooms and moods.
- That is why it is important to keep them fresh and gorgeous for as long as possible. The first step to a long-lasting bouquet is a clean vase. Scrub the receptacle with a mixture of one part bleach to 10 parts water and rinse well.
- If the flowers come in a vase of water, the work is mostly done. Check to make sure all the stems are in the water, and if not, refill the vase and cut a bit off the end of each stem so they can drink easily.
- Change the water in the vase every few days, we recommend. The vase should be refilled with lukewarm water and mixed with professional freshener that comes with the bouquet. This powder works to feed the flowers and slow the growth of bacteria.
- Keep the bouquet away from heat from the sun, stove or TV, and away from the fruit bowl. Fruit gives off ethylene gas, which makes flowers deteriorate faster.
ROSE CARE TIPS
- If your roses arrived in plastic water tubes or in a block of floral foam, remove them before arranging.
- Remove any leaves that will be under water, taking care not to cut through or scrape the green bark.
- Recut stems by removing 1-2 inches with a sharp knife or very sharp scissors.
- Immediately after cutting, place roses in a clean, deep vase of water containing a flower food provided by your florist.
- Check the flower food solution daily and make sure to keep it full, clean, and fresh. If the solution becomes cloudy, replace it entirely.
- Keep your roses in a cool place, out of direct sun and drafts.
HOW TO CARE FOR FRESH CUT FLOWERS
Check Your Flowers Daily
Keep the vase, container or liner filled with fresh water. Even if the container has floral foam, you should keep the water level high to promote long lasting flowers. The container’s water has a fresh flower food added to it. If you completely change the water, you should also thoroughly clean the container. Add fresh water mixed with a commercial fresh flower food. These flower foods contain the correct ingredients to properly nourish the flowers, keep bacteria at bay (which can block the stems and prevent them from absorbing water), encourage buds to open, and lengthen the life of the bouquet. It’s one of the best—and easiest—ways to extend the life of your flowers, but be sure to follow the directions on the package correctly. Improperly mixed flower food can actually do more harm than good.
After you receive your bouquet, you can help your fresh flowers last longer by following these simple cut flower care guidelines. At 4165Flower, your local Toronto Florist, we always use the freshest flowers available to fill your bouquet. Knowing how to make your flowers last longer will add to your enjoyment of them, and will help keep them vibrant and long lasting.
A floral life extender packet is always included with your floral delivery, it is basically sugar that helps keep the bacteria count in the water low. Just be sure to snip a bit off the ends of the flowers each day. If you don’t have any floral preservative left, a simple trick that you can make at home will help as well. Take some clear soda pop [like Sprite or 7-up and not the diet kind] and mix about ¼ cup of the pop with 1 liter of tepid fresh water. The soda pop contains a fungicide as well as sugar which will help with the longevity of your flowers.
Re-cut Their Stems
Every few days, remove the flowers from the design and re-cut the stems. Remove 3/4″ to one inch from the bottom of the stem and be sure to cut the stem at an angle to allow the flower the best chance to take up water. Use a sharp knife or sharp floral cutter or scissor. Avoid smashing or piercing the stems, as this can destroy the water vessels in the stem and prevent water absorption. Remove any spent or damaged blooms or foliage that falls below the waterline in the vase.
Change the Water & Add Additional Flower Food
Be sure to clean the vase before refilling it with room-temperature water mixed with the proper amount of fresh flower food. Be sure no debris is floating in the water (such as leaves and stem parts) as this could promote the growth of bacteria which can shorten a flower’s life.
Display Flowers in a Cool Spot
Most flowers prefer temperatures between 65 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit (18 to 22 degrees Celsius) and are best displayed away from direct sunlight, heating or cooling vents, directly under ceiling fans, or on top of televisions or radiators, which give off heat and can cause flowers to dehydrate. Avoid placing fresh flowers near ripening fruit, which releases tiny amounts of ethylene gas that can age them prematurely.
THE MEANING OF COLOUR
The symbolism of flower colours is steeped in tradition
Joy and jealousy, desire and dejection, solitude and sadness, loyalty and love — flowers echo each voice of the human heart.
While the symbolic and legendary meanings of flowers were known to many during Elizabethan times, it was the Victorians who assigned simple messages to individual flowers. Introduced to the Swedish court in 1714 by Charles II, the Victorian mode of flower language soon spread throughout Europe.
During this time of strict protocol and conformity, men and women used the beauty and color of flowers to express emotions, wishes and thoughts they dared not speak, and every corsage, bouquet, and garland represented a carefully chosen sentiment. Presentation was also important; for example, a bouquet with a ribbon tied to the left told about the giver, while a ribbon tied to the right signified the receiver. Upside-down bouquets portrayed the exact opposite of the flowers’ common meanings: to receive an inverted rose was the ultimate form of rejection.
Flower Language became so important that durch die Blume sprechen (speaking through flowers) became a Western proverb, which meant any flowery or poetic expression hiding a secret message of love.
In fact, every flower colour from a deep red rose to a bright yellow daffodil offers a rich and meaningful story dating back thousands of years. The flower colours you choose for a bouquet can be as important as the types of flowers used in an arrangement.
- The pale blue hues of a hydrangea or the deep blues of an iris can calm worries and preoccupation representing peace, openness, and serenity, fresh floral arrangements filled with blue flowers offers a cooling antidote to anxiousness.
- Think pink and you think of grace, gentility, and happiness. Regardless of the shape of the flower – from the tight, small buds of a pink garden rose to the delicate, open petals of a pink caellia in full bloom – pink blossoms convey youth, innocence, and joy.
- With its origins tied to royalty and ceremony, purple flowers represent dignity, pride and success. Whether grouped alone in a bold range of rich hues or mixed in with other colors to provide depth and contrast, an arrangement filled with purple blooms represents accomplishment and admiration.
- There’s an indisputable energy to the color red – an energy that has the power to transform an otherwise unassuming flower into the essence of desire, strength, and passionate love. With beauty, courage and heat as its symbolism, it’s no surprise that a bouquet filled with rich, red blooms knows no restraint.
- Often associated with innocence, humility, and reverence, white flowers evoke simple beauty. Whether they take their shape as the luxurious, silk petals of fragrant gardenias, the small, white bells of a lily of the valley, or the quiet drama of a dozen white roses, fresh floral arrangement dominated by white blossoms conveys modesty and elegance.
- There’s a good reason why it can feel all but impossible to refrain from smiling when you spot a bouquet of bright daffodils or a pot filled with sun-drenched chrysanthemums–the color yellow evokes feelings of joy and lightheartedness. Also a symbol of friendship, a bouquet bursting with yellow blooms sends a message of new beginnings and happiness.
- There’s nothing bashful about the colour orange–its message is clear and blatantly proud. Symbolizing energy, enthusiasm, and warmth, an arrangement of blooms in this vibrant color conveys confidence, satisfaction and a passion for life.
- Synonymous with nature–and the perfect complement to any other bloom–the colour green represents health, resilience, good fortune and youth. Whether used to throw together a diverse mixture of shapes and hues or as a restful tone-on-tone bouquet, green flowers send a message of optimism and renewal.
- While purple is the colour of royalty, and pink the colour of youth, lavender is femininity all grown up. Representing refinement, grace, and elegance, lavender holds an almost sacred place in nature—with violet flowers often considered the most delicate and precious. An arrangement filled with these genteel blossoms send a message of feminine beauty.